Facts about the Himalayas


One of the most interesting facts about the Himalayas relates to the high-reaching nature of this lofty mountain range. No other range on the planet is higher. The Himalayas actually boast more than 100 mountains that are higher than 23,600 feet above sea level. Mount Everest is the highest of all the Himalayan peaks at 29,029 feet, and this also makes it the planet’s tallest mountain.

Asia's Himalaya Mountain Range is where many of the world’s most famous peaks can be found. Other examples include K2, Kanchenjunga, and Lhotse, just to name a few. These three mountains, coincidentally, are the second, third, and fourth-tallest mountains on the planet. Another point worth highlighting when it comes to facts about the Himalayas is that the range has the world’s third largest ice and snow deposit. In turn, the Himalayas serve as the source for many of Asia’s major river systems. These river systems include the Indus, the Yangtze, the Yellow, and the Mekong. Also fascinating to consider is the fact that the combined drainage basin of the Himalayas is where you will find nearly half of the world’s total population.

The upper reaches of the Himalayas are quite inhospitable. That doesn’t mean that the range lacks a rich biodiversity. At lower altitudes, various plants and animals thrive, and you can even find tropical forests at the base of the chain. Snow leopards, musk deer, red pandas, and golden langur monkeys are just some of the Himalayas animals.

While the Himalaya Mountain Range is home to the highest peaks on the planet, it is nonetheless one of the world’s youngest mountain ranges. Due in part to its youth, the range is extremely active on the geological front. In fact, the Himalayas area is one of the most geologically active areas in the world. This earthly activity and the chain’s rich biodiversity combine to make the Himalayas a very interesting topic for scientists. That being said, you don’t have to be a scientist to appreciate the wonder of the world’s tallest mountain chain.

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