As a site of spirituality and discovery, the stunning
and peaceful Golden Temple India in Amritsar represents
one of the most culturally significant shrines for the
Also known as the Harmandir Sahib, people from all over
the world come to pay their reverence to this magnificent
Sikhism temple and take a dip in the Amrit Saras Kund
(Pool of Immortality). Founded by Guru Ramdas, the fourth
Guru of the Sikh faith, the Golden temple Amritsar is
one of the oldest established Sikh temples in India.
As a landmark, the Harmandir Sahib is set amongst a
spectacular backdrop. Positioned in the center of a serene
lake, the richly ornamented structure is a stunning sight.
The exterior is immediately noticeable for its golden
gilded appearance and ornate marble work making it the
most recognizable Sikh temple in India.
The Golden Temple India is reached by a sole causeway
that juts out from the shore of the lake. Marking the
entrance to the temple at the beginning of the causeway
is the mighty Darshani Deorhi Arch. Although surrounded
by water, reflecting Sikh tradition and culture, the Golden
temple Amritsar has 4 entrances. The concept is intended
to reflect acceptance and openness, and to invite all
travelers no matter what race or religion into the temple
complex. Anyone can enter the Golden temple India, although
visitors must follow religious protocol and dress appropriately.
Everyone must cover their head as a sign of respect and
take off their foot wear. At the entrance headscarves
are provided for this purpose. Conveniently there is a
visitor’s information office located here.
Inside, various shrines to past Sikh Gurus and saints adorn the Sikhism temple complex. There is also a central museum. Throughout the interior, memorial plaques and commemorative inscriptions record historical events important to the Sikh faith. In tribute to the many Sikh soldiers who fought during both World Wars a number of memorials honour the fallen.
Much of the construction of the Harmandir Sahib was
overseen by the Sikh Emperor Ranjit Singh. Head of the
Sikh Empire of Punjab, the emperor was a recognised patron,
donating much of his wealth as well as building materials,
toward the construction of the Amritsar Sikhism temple.
He is still remembered today with much affection by the
Sikh community for his contribution toward the Golden
temple India and other sacred sites. The Takht Sri Hazur
Sahib and the Takht Sri Patna Sahib mark two other famous
achievements. However, it is the Harmandir Sahib Sikh
temple in India that remains the greatest.
Although stunning on a sunny day, at night the Golden temple Amritsar is lit up in spectacular style like a glowing amber beacon. A walk along the banks of the lake allows you to take in the beautiful setting. It is also a chance to stumble across the bathing rituals of the Sikh faithful who cleanse their soul by immersing themselves in the sacred waters of the lake throughout the day and evening.
Housed within the temple, lies the sacred Sikh scripture, the Adi Grantha. The document is a collection of Sikh poems, prayers and hymns compiled by the various Sikh Gurus who have reigned over the past centuries. The hymns in particular, are brought to life throughout the day with a devote of musicians who provide an enchanting sound track as visitors amble leisurely around the marbled concourse surrounding the central temple.
Many come to the Golden temple Amritsar looking for spiritual enlightenment and having found nirvana leave filled with power and energy. As a tourist site, Amritsar contains immeasurable peacefulness and harmony. The beautiful setting, cultural significance and spectacular presentation of the Harmandir Shaib makes this perhaps the most visited and famous temple in India.