Java Indonesia is located east of the capital city of Jakarta and occupies a large slice of the extensive archipelago. It can be dissected into three distinct parts; West, Central, and East Java.
West Java’s capital city is Bandung, located in the highlands. The city is one of the top tourist attractions on the island,. It’s also home to the Sundanese Tribe, who dominate the farming sector, cultivating tea, palm oil, quinine, and rubber. Tourists find the city quite accommodating, with plenty of Indonesia hotels and restaurants to choose between, rich cultural tourism and other tours of the area, and a wide variety of entertainment. West Java’s capital city is Banten, roughly an hour from Jakarta. This historical gem is a breath of fresh air from those coming from smoggy and endlessly busy Jakarata. It is filled with historic attractions including Banten Great Mosque, Kaibon Palace, Surosowan Palace, and Kaibon Palace the Chinese stronghold.
Central Java is dominated by fertile plains and is home to more than 30 million people. The region exemplifies Indonesian culture and natural attractions, the heartland of geography and history. Handicrafts, dance school, carving and textiles, universities, and pottery are just a few examples of how rich culture is shaped in Central Java. It also begs for some serious shopping! Most interesting in the region though are the Borodubur temples where the finest examples of Hindu-Buddhist hand carvings are found. Sculpture is an integral part of Indonesian culture, relaying important tales in history through reliefs and other such images. Sukuh Temple and Dieng Plateau are also in the area. Cyultural dancing and traditional puppet shows can be seen all across the central plains. The mountainous region is dotted with alpine peaks all the way across, creating some excellent outdoor attractions and great hiking trails. Mountain resorts include Kaliurang, Tawangmangu, and Sarangan. To the immediate south is popular Yogyakarta
East Java Indonesia is a short half-hour flight from the island of Bali and close to both Bawean and Madura islands. East Java offers a little bit of everything, from soft sandy beaches to volcanoes and lakes to rich wildlife reserves. The alpine scenery across this region is breathtaking and includes Mount Bromo and the renowned craters. Welirang sulfuric mountains are also located here. The history of the Majapahit Empire runs deep in East Java, kept alive by several archeological gems. Business is mostly conducted in Surabaya, Indonesia’s second biggest city. It is both a business hub and industrial center and also relies on the farming of apples and mangoes, coffee, and the oil and fishery industries to strengthen the economy. East Java is also the gateway to Madura Island, where the Madurese, speaking a unique language, reside, and where bull racing is wildly popular and famous throughout the country. Once home to the most powerful of all kingdoms in Southeast Asia, the Majapahit, and remnants of this bygone era are evident through historic ruins, statues, temples, and other attractions.
The weather in Java tends to be fairly predictable, with the main island having a year-round dry climate. Java has two seasons just like in Thailand, Vietnam, and other Southeast Asian countries; dry and wet. Extremes of summer and winter don’t exist. From April through October is the dry season and May to September is the dry season, which is the best time to visit because of road conditions and clear skies.