Nicaragua's eastern edge is known as the Mosquito Coast, or Miskito Coast, and is known as the less traveled coast of Nicaragua. The coast borders the Caribbean Sea and travels all the way up into Honduras, where the border between the two countries is formed by the Coco River. Although Mosquito Coast Nicaragua has become quite popular with backpackers and adventure tourists taking Mosquito Coast tours, it remains relatively unchanged because its muddy roads, thick rain forest, and lack of infrastructure make Mosquito Coast travel very difficult.
Although many people believe the name "Mosquito Coast" is named for the swarms of mosquitoes in the area, the Miskito Coast actually took its name from the indigenous Miskito tribe of people who still inhabit its most remote regions. That's not to say there aren't any mosquitoes on Miskito Coast: If you decide to visit, be sure to get all necessary vaccinations that are recommended when traveling in the rain forest. Bring along also strong bug spray and anti-malaria medication.
There aren't very many roads going to the Mosquito Coast, but many intrepid travelers love the challenge of reaching such a remote area. One of the best ways to access the coast is to fly from Managua to Bluefields, and then head north from there.
Once you reach the Miskito Coast, you'll be amazed at the untouched scenery and the range of biodiversity represented on the coast. The rain forest that extends along the Mosquito Coast Nicaragua holds thousands of species of plants, animals and insects. You'll see howler monkeys, parakeets, and insects you never imagined existed.
The beaches in the region are also beautiful and are ideal for kayaking. You may want to go to the northern part of the coast and take a boat trip along the Coco River. You'll also find the Blue Volcano near the Miskito Coast, around 40 miles north of Bluefields. This jungle-covered volcano was first discovered in 1960 and takes its name from the blue appearance of its magma. Considering as far back as the history of Nicaragua goes, the discovery of the Blue Volcano is relatively recent.
You can also visit the Bosawas Biosphere Reserve, one of the biggest rain forest reserves in the world. The site is protected by UNESCO as a way to protect the species of the rain forest from extinction due to mining and illegal development activities. You'll need to contact the Nicaraguan government for permission to enter the reserve.
Once you gain permission, you must hire a guide to help explore the rain forest. Getting lost is easy to do in the thick jungle, so you'll be happy that you've hired a guide. If you're on a budget, there's no need to worry. Hiring a guide is inexpensive. He or she will point out the best features of the forest and will be able to suggest camping sights around the Miskito coast or other Nicaragua lodging options.
Besides hiking around on foot, you and your guide should also consider
exploring the dense rain forest by boat. You can also
take an organized tour of the area. Tours specializing
in ecotravel depart from all over Nicaragua, including
Managua. Taking a tour along the Mosquito Coast Nicaragua
is sure to be an adventure of a lifetime. You"ll see rainforests,
volcanoes, and a part of Nicaragua where travelers rarely