Czech Bohemia is home to more than half of the country's population. The region, west of Prague and perched in the center of Europe, remains crossroads of cultures, history, and beautiful scenery.
In the Czech language, there's no distinction between the terms Bohemian and Czech—český means both Bohemian and Czech. In modern usage, however, Bohemia is one of the country's three major regions, along with Moravia and Silesia. For a small country, there are remarkably diverse landscapes. Moravia is known for its wineries and lush green forests, while Silesia is dotted with lakes and meadows. Bohemia in the Czech Republic, located in the west, is known for its hot springs, its deep forest, and mountain landscapes.
Three cities in Bohemia have been attraction visitors for centuries who come seeking relaxation and the therapeutic waters of the hot springs. Karlovy Vary (Carslbad), Frantiskovy Lazne (Franzenbad), and Marianske Lazne (Marienbad) form the West Bohemia spa triangle. Carlsbad, near the border with Germany, has one of the largest concentrations of natural mineral springs in the entire world. Marianske Lazne hotels once hosted the likes of Edward VII, the king of England, the poet Goethe, and the composer Chopin, while Franzenbad is known for its amazing collection of classical architecture.
Beyond the spas, Karlovy Vary is a cultural hotspot. Each July, directors and movie buffs from around the world gather for a well-received film festival. At the Moser Glass Museum, you can find out more about Bohemian glass, collected and valued by people around the world. The displays and audio tours are available in Czech and English. Several gift shops around Bohemia sell this fine crystal.
Czech Bohemia is also famous for its brewing heritage. In the Middle Ages, monks began to perfect the craft and the 19th century brought even more innovations. In particular, two cities in Bohemia are worth a visit if you want to see where it all started. Pilsen in the west of Bohemia is just 45 minutes drive from the Prague airport, is an interesting addition to a tour Also called Plzen, the city is home to a major brewery, which supplies a good portion of Europe's supply of lagers. Here you can you can taste the golden beverage right from the barrels and explore a brewery museum.
The other one of the cities in Bohemia known for its brewing heritage is Ceske Budejovice, which also goes by the name Budweis. Here, you'll have the chance to taste golden lager and explore the bustling town square, Gothic churches, and neo-classical buildings, many now housing one-of-a-kind Ceske Budejovice hotels.
If you're looking to get active on your Czech Bohemia holidays, you'll find an amazing backdrop to your outdoor adventures with the diverse landscapes of mountains, meandering rivers, and Sumava National Park. The variety of things to do in Bohemia outdoors includes hiking, cycling, golfing, watching wildlife, and kayaking.
Bohemia in the Czech Republic is also known for its diverse cultural offerings. No matter which town you choose to visit, there will be ample opportunities to experience live music, visit art galleries, and explore museums, both for modern tastes and history buffs.
A diverse region, always interesting, Bohemia in the Czech Republic has been drawing visitors for a thousand years. Today's discerning travelers will find everything they need for memorable and comfortable vacations, including welcoming hotels, restaurants serving international cuisine, a modern transportation network, and plenty of exciting places to explore.