The Statue Park Budapest (or Szoborpark, in Hugarian) is a top historical attraction
in Budapest, and is especially popular with tourists. Located on the outskirts
of the city, the Statue Park Budapest
is filled with statue reminders of Hungary's Communist past between 1945 and
1989. If you're looking to spend as much time as possible in the fresh air
while on a Hungarian holiday, add the Statue Park in Budapest to your list of
things to see—it's an outdoor attraction in Budapest that offers an usual collection
of monuments that you won't find among the other statues in Budapest.
There are many statues in Budapest, from those at Heroes
Square, Gellert Hill, Parliament,
and Fishermans Bastion. In
many cases, these statues in Budapest are historical figures. The ones in the
Szoborpark are unique, however, as they are statues from Hungary's post-World
War II Communist era. During the Communist era, plenty of statues were erected
around Budapest. After the fall of Communism however, the change of government
meant that many of the newer statues seemed inappropriate. A decision had to
be made about what to do with all the statues in Budapest that honored great
Communist figures. The result was that the Soviet-era statues were rounded up
from all over the city, and ended up in this park on the outskirts of town.
The Statue Park Budapest was designed by Hungarian architect Ákos Eleod, and
the park celebrated its grand opening on June 29, 1993, which was the second
anniversary of the withdrawal of Russian troops.
There are over 40 statues in Statue Park Budapest. Some of the monuments in
Szoborpark are allegorical, symbolizing "Liberation" or "Hungarian-Soviet Friendship."
If you know your Communist history, you should be able to pick out many famous
figures from the statues. Among the many figures you'll see are Communist heroes
like Lenin, Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Dimitrov, Captain Ostapenko, and Béla
Kun. Also in the Szoborpark are statues representing workers. Other statues
are of soldiers, often depicting the heroism of Soviet liberation soldiers.
The Liberation Army Soldier is one popular statue, which once stood on the top
of Gellért Hill, the highest point in downtown Budapest. This nearly 20-foot
tall representation of a Soviet soldier holds a hammer-and-sickle flag and has
a gun hanging from around its machine. In addition to giant figures, there are
also many busts and memorial plaques.
Since its opening in the 1990s, the Szoborpark has been a popular outdoor
public museum, attracting many visitors, particularly those from out of town.
Even though it is not in the downtown area, the Szorborpark is fairly convenient
to get to. Open daily from mid-morning to sunset, the park can easily be reached
by public transportation. Also,
a special tourist bus can take you to the Szorborpark, or you can visit the
park as part of a guided tour in Budapest,
such as the popular Hammer and Sickle tour that has a Communist theme. No matter
whether you explore the park with a group or on your own, you are sure to be
impressed by the statues and their history.