Dublin History

Dublin history will be entwined with any visit to the capital city. As you explore the top attractions, you will discover interesting facts about Dublin. From learning about the 1916 Easter Rising at Kilmainham Gaol to learning about the poet William Butler Yeats at the National Library, history is at the center of many of Dublin’s top attractions. The city of Dublin is more than 1,000 years old, and throughout your trip, fascinating historical facts will present themselves through buildings, attractions, and even restaurants.

Interesting Dublin Ireland facts often have to do with historic and literary figures. Famous Dubliners include Oscar Wilde, Samuel Beckett, and Patrick Kavanagh. Dublin history has two main entrance points in the city’s attractions; one comes from a literary standpoint and the other from a standpoint of the Irish fight for independence. Literary buffs will be fascinated by facts about Dublin involving James Joyce and local writers. The Dublin Writers Museum features a variety of manuscripts, papers, and other items from writers such as Bram Stoker and Austin Clarke.

An understanding about the struggle for independence will be reached through learning about the 1916 Easter Rising. Seeking not only home rule of their own country, but of the establishment of an Irish Republic, historic figures such as Pádraig Pearse and James Connolly took to the streets and established their headquarters at the General Post Office on O’Connell Street. After declaring a republic free of English rule, the British military suppressed the rebellion. The 1916 Easter Rising has particular significance because the leaders of the rebellion were executed by the British military despite the rebellion’s relative failure. This succeeded mostly in turning the men into martyrs, giving much of the country the motivation they needed to continue their fight for independence.

The next stage of Dublin history was the War of Independence from 1919 to 1921. One of the dates now known as Bloody Sunday occurred during this period on November 21, 1920; the famous Irish nationalist Michael Collins killed eighteen British agents early in the morning, but perhaps more famous was the retaliation of the British, and it is one of the most unbelievable facts about Dublin. Later that day, British forces entered the Croke Park stadium and opened fire on the crowd during a Gaelic football match. Fourteen people were killed and more than 60 were injured. This period of history was a particularly dark time in Dublin, and the Irish Civil War, which followed from 1922 to 1923, added to the difficulties.

Visiting Dublin today, you are bound to learn about these events that shaped the city today. Georgian Dublin is an architecturally beautiful part of the city, and many museums feature the progress of Irish art over the years. The National Gallery of Ireland particularly has an impressive collection, including the magnificent paintings of Jack Butler Yeats, brother of the famous poet. Taking a bus tour of the city is a great way to be introduced to the history of Dublin as well. These narrated tours bring visitors throughout the city to the biggest attractions, providing interesting commentary along the way. However you choose to discover the history of Dublin, your sympathy is sure to be with the men and women who gave their lives for the creation of the free republic that Ireland is today.

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