Florence Duomo Facts
Florence Duomo facts see the renowned cathedral being structurally completed in 1436. It was then consecrated this same year. Work began 140 years earlier in 1296 under the lead of the Italian architect Arnolfo di Cambio. As for the design of the famous dome, it is attributed to none other than Filippo Brunelleschi. Also from Italy, Brunelleschi was one of the most prominent architects of the Italian Renaissance era, and his body rests in the Florence Duomo crypt.
When it comes to the history of the Florence Duomo, it is important to note that the famous cathedral as we know it today wasn’t completely finished in 1436. The floor was relaid using marble in the 1500's, for example, and the stunning Gothic Revival facade was unveiled in the late 1800's. This mesmerizing facade was designed by Emilio De Fabris and is wonderfully decorated with polychrome marble. As amazing as the facade of the Florence Duomo is, the main feature has always been the dome. In fact, this dome is the main symbol of Florence. The largest brick dome on the planet, it was constructed between the years of 1420 and 1436.
The entire Florence Duomo complex includes the cathedral itself, the Baptistry, and the free-standing bell tower that is known as Giotto’s Campanile. Found in the heart of Florence’s historic center, the complex was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is understandably one of the most popular tourist attractions in all of Tuscany, and surely no visit to Florence would be complete without seeing it up close. A tip–visitors can climb up to the Duomo cupola and enjoy amazing views of the city from on high.
There are several other Florence Duomo facts that should be highlighted. For some time, the cathedral was the seat of the Council of Florence, and the influential Renaissance preacher Girolamo Savonarola used to speak within its confines. Also worth highlighting is the fact that Giuliano di Piero de’ Medici met his fate in the Duomo. Born in 1453, Giuliano ruled Florence with the help of his brother Lorenzo. The two were attacked by a group of conspirators led by a member of the Pazzi family, and while Giuliano was killed on the spot, Lorenzo managed to escape. 1478 was the year of this famous and fateful occurrence.