The National Archaeological Museum Naples is one of the top attractions in the city and a widely respected institution around the world. It is most notable for containing a vast collection of artifacts and items from Roman antiquity, many of which were unearthed from the ruins of Pompeii, Herculaneum, and Stabiae. The Museo Archeologico Nazionale also features a brilliant selection of artwork from the Renaissance. Charles III of Spain established the Archaeology Museum in Naples Italy in the 1750s in a building that he originally used as a cavalry barracks. It also served as the University of Naples from 1616 to 1777. The building was significantly expanded in the late 1700s to the dimensions that we see it today. Although it has had to undergo some refurbishments and improvements over the years, the building that dates back centuries is remarkably well preserved. You will find it located on the northwest corner of the ancient Greek wall of the ancient city of Neapolis.
The most celebrated part of the treasure trove of Greek and Roman antiquities is the Farnese collection, which comprises a vast array of priceless goods from exquisite gems and stones to the Farnese Cup and Farnese Marbles. The majority of the sculptures contained within the National Archaeological Museum Naples are taken from the Farnese collection. Some of the larger statues have been moved to the Capodimonte Museum in recent years, though there is still an amazing array at the Museo Archeologico Nazionale. Some of the most famous works from the collection of Farnese Marbles include the Farnese Hercules, Farnese Bull, the Farnese Atlas, and the Farnese Artemis. Many of these are near-exact replicas of famous works by ancient Green artists such as Kritios and Nesiotes.
The Archaeology Museum in Naples also features some of the finest examples of mosaics unearthed from Pompeii and Herculaneum. Whereas you can see a selection of mosaics at Pompeii, Herculaneum, and the other Roman ruins in and around Naples, you will have the ability to view a full collection of some of the finest in the city at this museum. The Egyptian collection is also worth special note as it contains one of the most impressive troves of such items in the world. In fact, the National Archaeological Museum Naples houses the third biggest collection of artifacts from ancient Egypt in Italy, behind only the Vatican Museum in Rome and Museo Egizio in Turin. You will also be treated to wide range of other artifacts, including important glass and porcelain pieces, Renaissance art, ivory, and silver, collected throughout the centuries.
The Museo Archeologico Nazionale is located at Piazza Museo and the nearest train station is Piazza Cavour. There is no public parking onsite so you will want to take the train, a car, or walk to the museum. It is within close range of a variety of restaurants and cafes as well, should you want to make an entire day out of your visit to the Arcaheology Museum in Naples Italy. The museum is open 9 a.m. to 8 p.m. everyday except Tuesday and the ticket office closes everyday at 7 p.m.