The history of Netherlands stretches far back into time. Early tribes in Netherlands history no longer have much of a written record, but have instead passed down legends and tales that still show up in the mythology and Netherlands culture of today. Having some information about the history of Netherlands before you travel is an excellent way to enrich your trip and bring to life some of the attractions you will see on your journey.
The history of Netherlands reflects Spanish rule in
the area. During the 15th and 16th centuries, The Netherlands
was under Spanish rule. It was not until the year 1648
that Spain actually granted The Netherlands independence,
although the war for independence from Spain actually
began much earlier, in the year 1568. The period known
as the Dutch Golden Age would later come, due in large
part to the power of Dutch ships and the Dutch ability
to manage trade. Rembrandt, Vermeer, and other famous
artists would gain lasting renown from their work during
Later, in the 19th century, the Netherlands history reflects that The Netherlands was slow to industrialize compared to neighboring countries, and had begun to decline in its economic power and place in the world. During World War I, The Netherlands remained neutral and planned to do the same for the second World War, until the country was actually invaded by Germany. With many of its cities bombed, The Netherlands was forced to join the war effort. Germans continued to occupy the country until the very final days of the war, and even killed civilians on the day of surrender. The years following the second world war were hard on The Netherlands and continue to be a dark chapter in Netherlands history.
The history Netherlands and the history of Holland goes on to reflect that during World War II, many of the country"s most prominent cities were badly damaged. In addition to structural damage, the country saw many of its Jewish citizens deported to concentration camps, including the notable Anne Frank. Some cities in The Netherlands continued to be occupied by German troups even after the official end of the war, and were not fully liberated until Canadian troups arrived to free them in person. This day of liberation is still celebrated throughout The Netherlands, with the largest celebration happening in Amsterdam each year. Since the destruction of the war, the people have rebuilt their country, and the cities today are an intruiging mix of modern design and historical structures that linger from the days before the war.
Although Netherlands culture may not bring to mind any dramatic festivals or memorable food dishes, Netherlands culture does have a lot to offer. The country is one of open minded people with a tendency toward the iconoclastic both in their attitude and their design. The country itself is beautiful, and the attractions are numerous. The Dutch Golden Age still shines in the streets of the famous city of Amsterdam, and throughout many of the other areas of the country. A trip to see the canals or the Van Gogh Museum will likely turn into a tour of the entire area.