Nizhny Novgorod was established in 1221 by the Grand Duke George II of Russia, at the spot where the the Volga and Oka rivers converge. Literally, the name means Newtown the Lower, which segregates it from the older town known simply as Novgorod, or at time Veliky (Great) Novgorod. For vacationers planning Nizhny Novgorod travel, they can reach the city in a number of different ways, including by train, plane, car, and bus. Nizhny Russia is attractive to visitors for an assortment of reasons, from the grand architecture and rich culture to the peaceful location on the Oka River.
The fourth-largest city in all of Russia sits on both sides of the Oka River, the Upper and the Lower city. The Upper is Old Novgorod filled with historical sites on the hills of the right bank, and the Lower is Nizhny, and the newer part of the city on the left bank. The Kremlin, or citadel, in Nizhny Russia was completed in 1511 by Italian engineers and was to become one of the most stalwart strongholds in Russia. Oral tradition has it that Leonardo da Vinci participated in the development, and while these legends are unproven, the likeness between the genuine plans and his sketches are noticeably similar. Historically, Nizhny Novgorod was a trade hub of Russia, but it was closed off during the Soviet period when it was renamed Gorky after Maxim Gorky, a popular writer who was born in Nizhny Russia, until trade was opened up again, and it was restored to its original name in 1990.
Train, plane, bus, and car are the various ways to get into Nizhny. The most convenient means for Nizhny Novgorod travel is by the Trans-Siberian Railway which runs through town en route from Moscow to its terminus in Vladivostok, in the Russian Far East, and is a popular attraction for its scenic journey across Siberia. From Moscow, the fastest option is the Burevestnik Express, which runs twice a day between the two cities. The Nizhny international airport is somewhat small, but it serves several flights from various Russian cities as well as Germany and Austria. Nizhny Novgorod travel by car is somewhat of a gamble due to the immense traffic, but it is possible. State-run buses are usually slow and uncomfortable; however, there are private buses which are faster and run daily between the railway terminals.
Nizhny attractions include several churches, museums, and other examples of architectural beauty as well as historic interest. For instance, the lovely Church of the Nativity was once used as an apartment house during the Soviet period. Nearby is the Nizhny Russia Kremlin, located in the historic part of Nizhny Novgorod. This town is home to hundreds of museums and libraries, so finding a bit of culture is always just around the corner.
Nizhny is one of the largest of the Russian medieval towns with an intriguing history and a host of beautiful remnants that offer visitors a chance to step through the charming pages of history. In addition to Moscow and St Petersburg, Nizhny is well worth a visit during any vacation to Russia; it’s medieval atmosphere is fascinating, and travelers are sure to leave with fond memories. As it is a large city, there are numerous options for hotels in Nizhny Novgorod, and with a little research, visitors can find the perfect place to stay with relatively little trouble.