Catalonia Spain is a region located in the northeastern corner of the country, consisting of four provinces with capitals of the same name, three of which border the Mediterranean Sea, offering plenty of opportunities for visiting the beach. With the area’s wide selection of terrains, climates, and cultural regions, those who travel to Catalonia have a vast amount of activities and attractions to choose from when creating their vacation itineraries.
The region of Catalonia Spain offers a chance for visitors to walk through the pages of history, even into ancient periods, when the Greeks, Carthaginians, and Romans occupied the territory. As with many Mediterranean territories of Europe, the coastal areas were settled by the Ancient Greeks. Through the centuries, the land was overtaken by a number of enterprising nations, including the Romans, the Moors, and the Franks of the Germanic tribes.
It was not until the Middle Ages that the unique Catalan culture began to develop and take shape. In 989, Catalonia established its independence from other nations, with Barcelona as the capital. Nearly two centuries later, the Count of Barcelona created an alliance with Aragon through his marriage with the Queen of Aragon, creating the Crown of Aragon. Years later, the first steps in the creation of the Kingdom of Spain were taken when King Ferdinand II of Aragon married Queen Isabella I of Castile in 1469. Historical landmarks are scattered throughout the region of Catalonia Spain, offering visitors a chance to catch a glimpse of the struggling beginnings, splendid relics of past royalty, and the vast changes that took place throughout its history.
The diverse climate and landscape of Catalonia, also referred to as Catalunya Spain, offers a range of adventuring opportunities, from mountain climbing in the Pyrenees to sunbathing on the vast Mediterranean coastline. Depending on the location and season, vacationers’ activities should be planned accordingly; the coastal areas of Tarragona, Barcelona, and Girona offer hot to mild temperatures throughout the year, while inland territories offer a continental variation of a Mediterranean climate. The rainy seasons are typically in the spring and autumn; however, in the Pyrenean valleys, visitors can expect summer rains, at which time the area experiences its height of weather.
Barcelona Catalonia, the second-largest city in Spain, is not only the capital of the province of Barcelona, but it is also the capital of the entire region. Offering an enormous amount of historical buildings and attractions, this coastal city provides visitors with a wealth of things to do and see, from the Montjuic Castle to a host of museums to various examples of architecture from every era. In addition to daytime sightseeing opportunities, travelers who are interested in nightlife and evening entertainment will find a huge selection of nightspots in Barcelona Catalonia to go out and dance.
Aside from the capital, visitors who travel to Catalonia may enjoy a visit to a number of other popular cities in the region, including Lleida, one of the oldest cities in Catalonia where visitors will find a number of historically significant structures, including the La Seu Velle Cathedral; Girona, near Costa Brava, offering a number of cafes, attractive quarters, and night scenes in a quiet alternative to the more boisterous Barcelona Catalonia; Tarragona, a seaside municipality south of Barcelona, an excellent choice for the beach bound travelers; and Figueres, famed for the museum featuring works of Salvador Dali who spent the later years of his life designing and working in the establishment.
From Barcelona to Girona to the many other towns that dot the landscape, travel to Catalonia imparts a variety of experiences that visitors will appreciate and recall with delight when the vacation is over. There are plenty of hotels in Barcelona and other parts of Catalonia, and there are numerous fine restaurants as well, often specializing in seafood and Catalan dishes such as paella.