Birmingham England is home to over one million people, the largest English population outside of London. A city with an impressive history, Birmingham has had to overcome several challenges in the last century, establishing itself as a force in both art and industry. It is located 120 miles northwest of London, and only 24 miles from scenic Coventry Cathedral.
Birmingham England was established as a market town in the latter half of the 12th century, though archeological finds indicate the area has been settled since the Bronze Age. This market established Birmingham as the economic core of the area. Within 50 years, Birmingham had grown to the third largest town in Warwickshire. As centuries passed, the town grew even larger, spurred on by its proximity to much needed iron ore and coal. By the English Civil War in the 17th century, Birmingham and its large weapons manufacturing was known as the Gun Quarter.
Birmingham England’s most explosive growth, however, was during the Industrial Revolution. In contrast to many other towns at the time, Birmingham boasted a highly skilled and well paid workforce, registering over three times as many patents of any other town in Britain during the height of England’s Industrial Revolution. Great minds in the town continued to improve its productivity, including the development of the industrial steam engine, establishing an extensive canal system, and extending voting rights to the working class. The arrival of railways in the mid-19th century brought rapid population growth. Queen Victoria granted Birmingham England city status in 1889, and the city opened a university in 1900.
Birmingham, United Kingdom
Birmingham’s structure and success suffered significant injury throughout the 20th century. Attacks during World War II destroyed many parts of the town’s infrastructure, and the financial recession of the 1980s toppled the economy. Birmingham England has worked hard to reestablish itself in the past few decades, during which many parts of the city have been rebuilt and restored, including streets, canals, and buildings.
Museums & Galleries
Museums & Galleries
During Birmingham’s height, one of its greatest draws was art. The town was home to the Royal Birmingham Society of Artists and the Birmingham School of Art. The strength of Birmingham’s artistic influence has survived the city’s decline, and its art collections continue to draw visitors today. The most prominent gallery is the Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery, known for 17th century Italian Baroque paintings, English watercolors, and works by Pre-Raphaelites. Other galleries of note include The Barber Institute of Fine Arts, Aston Hall, the Museum of the Jewelry Quarter, and the Ikon Gallery. The sciences are highlighted at museums such as the National Sea Life Centre and the Lapworth Museum of Geology. Even renowned chocolate makers, Cadbury, offer a Birmingham museum called Cadbury World.