Trafalgar Square is the most famous square in London, England. Featuring statues at all four square corners, it was originally constructed to commemorate the Battle of Trafalgar which was a victory in the war against Napoleon. Home to Nelson's Column and a host of other historic monument, Trafalgar Square is located in the city of London.
One of the most prominent structures at Trafalgar Square in London is Nelson's Column. Nelson's column was erected in 1843 and commemorates the death of Admiral Horatio Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. The statue is 18 feet tall, and rests atop a column that rises 183 feet above Trafalgar Square in London. The statue of Nelson faces south toward Westminster Palace. Nelson was a much loved military hero in his day.
The square itself is surrounded by roads on all sides, although traffic in recent years has been reduced in the interest of pedestrian safety. Trafalgar Square in London also has a number of interested structures. Four bronze lions made from recycled cannons from the French fleet can be found in the center of the square near Nelson"s column. Each corner of the square has a place for a statue, though only three actually contain statues.
Over the years, the history of Trafalgar Square has brought with it additional statues and works of art. The original Trafalgar Square Fountain that was first added in 1845 was remolded in 1939 by Sir Edwin Lutyens. Trafalgar Square Fountain features mermen and mermaids along side dolphins, all sculpted in bronze. Trafalgar Square Fountain is actually a set of two fountains.
The history of Trafalgar Square may reflect its lovely statue work, but another more natural feature is also part of Trafalgar Square in London. The area is famous for its collection of pigeons, and tourist both famous and common spend time feeding the pigeons of Trafalgar Square. A well known photograph of Elizabeth Taylor from 1948 features Elizabeth posing in Trafalgar Square feeding pigeons.
Another popular attraction in the square is the South Africa House, which currently serves as the embassy for South Africa to Britain. This change took place in 1961, when South Africa became a republic and it was no longer a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. Until the disruption of the practice of Apartheid in South Africa, the South Africa House was a controversial location.
Although the South Africa House no longer carries its controversial spirit, Trafalgar Square today is still the site of many political demonstrations. Demonstrators are known to gather around the base of Nelson's column. The square is also an appealing spot for New Year's Eve revelers who wish to dive into the Trafalgar Square Fountain while much of the world watches on TV.
Whether you choose to take a dip in the famous fountain or enjoy Trafalgar Square in London in a tamer manner, the history and beauty of the square is sure to add much to any trip to England. Full of the spirit of a nation, this is a popular tourist attraction. Best of all - it's free!